This plant is native to East Asia, where it grows commonly on slopes and tree trunks in forests and woodlands. Ground ivy is a species of plant with green leaves and flowers. Some types of Himalayan ivy produce vines with very small leaves that can be as small as 1″ (3 cm). English ivy can act as a ground cover, spreading horizontally and reaching 8 inches in height. A popular cultivar of Russian ivy is the ‘Ann Ala,’ which has gained recognition from the Royal Horticultural Society, who awarded it with the Award of Garden Merit. Share. In fact, the Persian ivy produces some of the largest leaves from any of the ivy varieties. Variegated varieties of this plant are less suited to cold weather and should only be grown outdoors in warmer climates; however, if you are a fan of this plant, then consider giving it a home indoors as a houseplant, where it will appreciate the warmth and bright indirect light. Also, the green-leafed plant isn’t native to Sweden. This plant produces clusters of green flowers, which are followed by dark blue grapes. Consistently moist soil is best for this plant, but it will still grow in less than ideal soil conditions. If kept trimmed back from walls or fences, growing it this way rarely leads to berries forming. Ground Ivy 6 /8 A high traffic-standing, fast-covering groundcover, ground ivys have also been known to invade lawns so be sure to give them plenty of room to spread. Creeping Phlox. In the state of Washington, for example, mats of ivy growing in the wild offer a natural habitat for Norway rats. Many types of ivy take their name from their native country. This broad-leafed ivy plant typically has dark green leaves, although you can also find variegated varieties. These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in … Either way, all of these plants are invasive and treatment methods for their eradication are often the same. Ground Cover Plants for a Hillside. The Swedish ivy (Plectranthus verticillatus) does not belong to the family of “true” ivy vines. Also known as Algerian ivy and North African ivy, this plant is native to North Africa and the Canary Islands. Groundcover Plants Stock Photos Ground covers (268 images). Nepeta glechoma Benth., Nepeta hederacea Trevir.) Ivy also tends to grow vigorously, offering quick results for anyone wanting to transform their garden over a short space of time. Position this plant in a partially sunny spot, ideally with afternoon shade. English ivy can be killed with a simple vinegar and salt solution. claudiodivizia/iStock/Getty Images. Although this is a climber plant, it doesn’t climb as tall as some of the other types of ivies. Sword Fern: People don’t often think of ferns as viable groundcovers, but the native sword fern is fabulous for filling gaps in the landscape. Boston ivy is not a ‘true’ ivy as it is not part of the Hedera genus; however, it is commonly known as an ivy plant. The first is with herbicides and the second is through manual labor. The leaves can grow between 6″ to 10″ (15 – 25 cm) long and have a dark green glossy color. There has been some discussion of using ground ivy in fire-prone areas as a fire prevention method. Identifying species of ivy plants is usually done by the distinctive leaf shape. Take a look at our top 10 best all-round ground covers and think about adding some of these very useful plants to your garden this summer. Swedish ivy thrive is a partial shade or dappled sunlight, and consistently moist soil. … The shiny dark green foliage creates a solid blanket of green after just a few seasons. Finally, it’s great as an evergreen ground cover is a popular use, especially for miniature cultivars. Most varieties of ivy can withstand a range of pH levels, however, they grow best in slightly alkaline soil. Some types of ivy plants are on the list of the best shower plants to keep in the bathroom. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and alehoof. Although the types of ivy may look similar, there are subtle differences between them. Lobes of this ivy’s leaves are less pronounced than others. English Ivy is very time consuming to control and harmful to forest and riparian areas. Clusia Plant: How to Care for Clusia Hedge (Clusia Rosea & Clusia Guttifera), Aphids on Plants: Effective Ways to Kill Aphids on Indoor and Outdoor Plants, Types of Ginger Root and Ornamental Ginger Plants (Including Pictures), Hardy Perennials: Flowers That Come Back Year After Year (With Pictures), Types of Ivy: Different Types of Ivy Plants for Outdoors and Indoors (With Pictures), list of the best shower plants to keep in the bathroom, Great Varieties of Indoors and Outdoors Fern Plants. You can put ivies in pots on shelves, on top of cabinets, or plant them in hanging baskets. Ivy is typically a low-maintenance plant, making it ideal for beginner gardeners or those who don’t want to spend too much time tending to their yard. As a ground cover, English ivy is a low growing plant, just a few inches high. Algerian Ivy - Glossy green 6" leaves with 3-7 lobes. Another type of ivy includes ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), a member of the mint family that grows very fast and features bluish-purple flowers. Some of the best types of ivy include the following. The most popular outdoor varieties of ivy plants are English ivy, Algerian ivy, Irish ivy plant, Japanese ivy vine, Himalayan ivy, and Persian ivy. There should be plenty of drainage from the pot to prevent the ivy standing in water. Keep a close eye on this plant and prune it dramatically when necessary to keep it from choking nearby plants. Perfect for a low-maintenance garden. Big Blue Liriope. For many years the quintessential American shade ground cover was ivy (Hedera helix and cvs.). Variegated cultivars of Japanese ivy exist, which feature cream streaks. The foliage of this ivy is mid-green and has a stretched heart-shape going into a deep point. Your email address will not be published. The Russian ivy shouldn’t be confused with a type of climbing vine called the Russian vine (Fallopia baldschuanica). Special Features: Produces flowers and berries. Russian Ivy. Evergreenplants provide cover all year round without the need for much maintenance. Water: Medium moisture, somewhat drought-tolerant. The Algerian ivy (Hedera algeriensis) is a type of climbing plant that has large lobed leaves and can be an invasive type of plant. Grow Bacopa as a blooming ground cover, or to top off a retaining wall in style.Ivy (Hedera) Gazania (Gazania rigens) are flowering ground cover plants producing large, daisy-like flowers in brilliant shades of yellow and orange, over a long period in summer, often planted as drought-tolerant ground-cover. English Ivy is a fast growing, low maintenance ground cover … Slow to start, once established it will quickly cover ground and choke out weeds. This climbing ivy variety looks stunning growing up walls. It is more tolerant of the sun than English ivy but would prefer a few hours of respite from the sun where possible. If you are looking for a good, hardy climbing ivy, then the Himalayan ivy is a good choice. A mixture of groundcovers provides many benefits to a garden and helps … As a ground cover, English ivy is a low growing plant, just a few inches high. It shares a lot of similarities with English ivy, though most notably, its leaves are much larger. The Japanese ivy (Hedera rhombea) is native to Asian countries and has fairly large heart-shaped leaves. The Canarian ivy (Hedera canariensis) is a woody bush-type of ivy plant that is native to North Africa and the Canary Islands. Good erosion control. As well as vertical climbing, English ivy is a prolific trailing plant, making it suitable for use in hanging baskets or in elevated beds. Ivies are fast-growing plants that grow just as well outdoors as they do indoors. This type of ivy also grows prevalently on the Canary Islands and is commonly found on rock faces and growing up tree trunks. Hedera helix ‘Smithii’ Above: Small, star-shaped Hedera helix ‘Smithii’, which makes a good indoor plant. Mature prostrate height 12". Perennialplants come back each year to provide visual interest, weed cover, and moisture retention. If you are looking for indoor plants that are easy to care for, then different types of ivies are a good choice. Ivy is great for use as a soil cover and to spill over the rim of containers, pots and hanging baskets. This plant is tolerant of low temperatures and frost, though it is sensitive to heat. Tolerates dry periods/let soil dry out between waterings. One of the better known ivies, English ivy (Hedera helix), features small leaves that create a fine-textured ground cover. For this reason, it is now considered to be an invasive species in New Zealand, Australia, and 18 states in the US. When selecting ground cover, there are three primary forms to choose from: stone, wood mulch, and rubber. The first thing you can do to make herbicide more effective for rem… Ground Cover Types. ... Ivy is a beautiful, glossy evergreen that spreads quickly – maybe too fast. However, the ease with which English ivy is able to thrive also makes it problematic in some areas, as it continues to grow even where it is not wanted. When growing Ivy in containers, I suggest using a premium quality potting mix or potting soil, or a 50/50 mix thereof. This plant is native to Nepal, as well as Vietnam, India, China, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar. English ivies also make good indoor houseplants (they are in the list of the best bedroom plants). Prostrate habit. Some common types of outdoor ivy plants such as the English ivy, Persian ivy, or Irish ivy grow well in many climates. It also works well as a houseplant and is one of the most effective houseplants available at filtering toxins from the air. However, you need to make sure that they don’t become too invasive. If you have a vertical space that you need to dress up a bit, such as an arbor, wall, or trellis, ivies... Indoor Ivies. high and provides great coverage for large areas. It can thrive in any lighting condition, from full sun to full shade, but prefers a balance of both sun and shade. One variety of plant can have different types of growth. Popular indoor ivy varieties include Duckfoot, Buttercup, Shamrock, and Manda’s Crested ivy. Big Blue Liriope is good for difficult sites. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. It has a compact habit, growing up to 3 feet tall with a 4-foot spread. The leaves are close together, giving the impression of a dense green carpet when used as a groundcover. Its foliage is dark green with 3 or 5 lobes that are slender and pointed. Another ivy that is not part of the Hedera genus, Swedish ivy is an evergreen vine which is native to South Africa. All varieties of outdoor ivies or vines are low-maintenance plants and tolerant of many soil conditions. It grows well on trellises and walls and will cover fences readily. Ivies), is a family of around 20 species of evergreen perennial plants. ‘Tripod’: The foliage of this plant is dark green, and as the name implies, the leaves have 3 lobes. In this article, you will learn about the many different varieties of ivy and how to care for them well. Other names for the Swedish ivy are the Swedish begonia or “creeping Charlie.” The long trailing leaves mean that the plant is a good houseplant for hanging baskets. Ground cover plantscan sometimes be more practical to cover an area in a landscape than turfgrass. It was one of the only trouble-free plants available in nurseries to get the job done. Article. English ivy plants (Hedera helix) are evergreen perennials. Ivies are the perfect outdoor plant if you need to hide unsightly features, cover arbors, or provide shade in your garden. Swedish ivy (Plectranthus australis) is hardy to USDA zones 10 through 11 and enjoys humus-rich, well-drained soils in part shade. Within each of these categories, there are several additional types. However, the ivy doesn’t provide as much cover as the English ivy varieties or the Irish ivy. Luckily, the natural and environmentally friendly combination of salt and vinegar can help homeowners and gardeners kill this plant. 3. You can also plant the Canarian ivy in the garden and train it to grow into a shrub or bush. It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. This type of ivy can cling to many surfaces and grow to a height of 100 ft. (30 m). The Creeping Phlox (Phlox stolonifera) is a flowering perennial ground cover for … Lilyturf (Liriope muscari): This clump-forming evergreen groundcover is ideal for sloped sites or for … Special Features: Excellent air filtering properties. Although some people refer to the Algerian ivy as the Canary ivy, the Canarian ivy is its own species. The ivy plant generally grows well in shady locations where there is no direct sunlight. English ivy (Hedera helix spp.) English ivy (Hedera helix) is a fast-growing evergreen climbing vine that can be used as a ground cover and grows well in zones 3 through 9. As ground cover in woodland, ivy greatly lessens the effect of frost, enabling birds and woodland creatures to forage in leaf litter during bitter spells. White flowers with tiny fruit. … This particular species of ground cover plant is the fastest growing plant on this list, so it needs to be trimmed regularly, especially if you are using it along a pathway or as a border.. Roots Some vines have roots that dig into surfaces to secure them, most ground cover vines work this way. Gloire de Marengo is a variegated type of Algerian ivy with large, heart-shaped leaves. They perform well in Chicago soils, are winter-hardy and color up a rich red in the fall. There are many types of ivy, ranging from rampant climbers to tiny miniatures. It’s a perennial evergreen creeper and from the mint family of Lamiaceae. Here are a few that are great climbers: Most ivy varieties are good for ground cover as they spread quickly. It is also more tolerant of heat than most other ivy types but performs best in shaded conditions. Ivies are good to plant in areas of your garden where other outdoor plants have difficulty growing. Florida Native Ground Cover Plants . A striking feature about Japanese ivy vine leaves is the white veins running through the dark green leaves. English Ivy – A favorite steep hill ground cover, this woody vine will root wherever it touches. Quick to cover walls or ground, self-clinging Persian ivy needs careful consideration before planting, as it will keep going up to about 16 feet. The Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) is a type of flowering woody vine that is also called the Japanese Creeper or Woodbine. ‘Ivalace’ has been awarded the 2011 Ivy of the Year title by The American Ivy Society. One of the only ways to kill this plant is by overwatering it, which will cause its roots to rot. The stems of the Japanese ivy are purple, and the foliage is a glossy mid-green shade. As its name suggests, the Needlepoint ivy (Hedera helix ‘Needlepoint’) is identified by its leaf shape with small sharply-pointed lobes. Roots Some vines have roots that dig into surfaces to secure them, most ground cover vines work this way. high and provides great coverage for large areas. Leaves are dark green and have a strong festive feel. Whatever ground-covering plants are used, some weed control will be necessary until the young plants have established and formed a cover (good soil fertility is therefore very important). Before you water your ivy houseplant, check that the soil is on the dry side. It is used as a ground cover, in topiary displays, in hanging baskets, or sprawling over a windowsill as a houseplant. The distinguishing feature of the Irish ivy is its dark green glossy leaves. Although this is a type of flowering ivy, the flowers and fruits are fairly inconspicuous. They are often used in the garden to cover arbors and pergolas or climb up the side of a wall or shed. You can plant many types of ivies to climb up walls, trellises, cover arbors, or any other structure in your garden. Boston Ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata), 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. Each lobe is long and slender in an exaggerated arrow shape, giving the plant a whimsical appeal. So, about ivy. Hedera helix ‘Smithii’ Above: Small, star-shaped Hedera helix ‘Smithii’, which makes a good indoor plant. The woody vines can grow up to 100 ft. (30 m) tall. The two main types of ivy people grow are boston ivy and english ivy. Persian Ivy (Hedera colchica) 3. This type of ivy can be quite invasive, so if you grow it in your garden, you will need to cut it back every spring. Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 14 Low-Maintenance Water Plants - Growing Tips + Photos, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 7 Medicinal Plants You Should Have In Your Garden. Unlike many other ivy plants, Russian ivy does not crawl and will therefore not work well as a groundcover, and instead should be planted alongside a structure it can climb. Special Features: Large high gloss leaves. Type of Ivy: Algerian ivy (regular and variegated). These beautiful, hard-working plants have so much to offer. Not all types of plants are suitable for wet areas, so it's important to choose ground cover carefully for constantly wet areas or places that periodically flood. There are two ways how to kill English ivy. Ivy makes good ground cover. Types of Ivy: Varieties of Ivy Plants for Outdoors and Indoors Useful for maintaining an attractive winter garden. Glechoma hederacea (syn. Due to this, English ivy is an excellent plant to have in your winter garden, offering greenery when many other plants fail to survive. 9 Types of Ivy. Luckily, the natural and environmentally friendly combination of salt and vinegar can help homeowners and gardeners kill this plant. Annualground co… Ivy is a plant in the botanical genus Hedera that produces evergreen leaves that grow quickly. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. It is a trailing-rooting ground cover. 4. So, in order to be effective at killing English ivy, you have to get through that barrier. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and alehoof. Allison Sidhu (@allison-sidhu) Admin. Baltic ivy (Hedera Helix ‘Baltica’) It should be positioned in a partially shaded spot, with an emphasis on shade in the afternoon when the sun is at its most potent. Clumpers spread and increase in size each spring. Some of the hardiest recommended cultivars are … A type of ivy vine called the Russian ivy (Hedera pastuchovii) has long climbing stems and is commonly found in forests climbing up trees. Good erosion control. Take a look at our top 10 best all-round ground covers and think about adding some of these very useful plants to your garden this summer. 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Practical to cover grow alternately along climbing or trailing vines compared to some other popular types ivy! Virginia creeper ( Parthenocissus quinquefolia ) and Boxton ivy ( P. tricuspidata ) that has a compact,! A 50/50 mix thereof d like to provide visual interest, weed cover, grow! Flowers, black round fruits appear either way, all of these plants are well to! Leaves is the best bedroom plants ) methods for their eradication are often used offer... With afternoon shade, including Ireland, Germany, Spain, and leaves have 5 lobes but! Manda ’ s Heart ” ivy vines to plant in areas of your garden ivy... Be kept watered during dry spells in the list of popular ivies, it ’ s leaves are less than! Short space of time some discussion of using ground ivy in containers, I using! Other small wildlife the ability to hide burrow holes and nests different of... And Boxton ivy ( Hedera helix ) are evergreen perennials however, you need to back. 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